There’s a common misconception that mobile apps and web apps are one and the same, but in reality, they are uniquely differentiated. Even the seemingly small differences between mobile apps and web apps are important because they can affect everything from an app’s design and User Experience to ultimately how an application is developed and later deployed.
Let’s identify and answer some of the most common questions around mobile application development and web application development for businesses and organizations.
What are the Main Differences Between Mobile Apps and Web Apps?
Mobile apps are typically top-of-mind for most people when it comes to the word, “app.” Consumers can download mobile apps directly from the App Store or Google Play on their smartphones. Mobile apps also may have restricted access to your device’s internal tools, such as its camera or GPS capabilities. In addition, mobile apps are platform-specific, meaning they require unique designs for different mobile operating systems (iOS for Apple’s iPhone and Android for Samsung devices).
Alternatively, web apps live in a device’s internet browser just as websites do. Web apps do not have to be downloaded or installed and they are universal across various platforms. However, because they are not native to devices like mobile apps, they do not have access to a system’s resources like a phone camera, GPS, or contacts. Similar to mobile apps, web apps can be highly responsive and provide a similar User Experience, making them easy to confuse with mobile apps.
Application Development Tip
While mobile apps and web apps may look and feel the same to a User, they are two completely different products. Identify your primary business goals, take an MVP Approach to development, and research your targeted users’ needs before deciding which application development path to take.
Which is More Expensive: Mobile App Development or Web App Development?
This is a challenging question to answer, as application development costs ultimately depend on how complex a product is.
Generally speaking, mobile apps cost more to develop because they are designed from scratch for different platforms, while web apps generally cost less to develop because they share common codes across different devices.
Application Development Tip
Monetization is relatively simple for both mobile apps and web apps. Mobile apps listed on an app store can require a user to pay before downloading. Additionally, they can provide in-app subscription models (such as Premium or Plus versions) that cost money, even if the app itself is free. Similarly, web apps live in internet browsers, can feature ads, promotions, and subscription options.
Which is More User-Friendly: Mobile Apps or Web Apps?
When it comes to User Experience (UX), native mobile apps are typically faster and more reliable than web apps because they don’t require an active internet connection in order to run.
Web apps rely on an online connection and are oftentimes slower and less efficient than native mobile apps. They also tend to be less advanced in their feature set.
Application Development Tip
In the matter of application updates, however, web apps have the advantage. While mobile apps require users to manually download periodic updates, web apps will auto-update on a regular basis.
How is a Web App Different from a Website?
Web apps are designed specifically to be viewed on mobile devices, so they function more like a native app than a website. That is, they are typically faster and more responsive than a traditional website when viewed on a mobile device. Additionally, web apps are created for user interaction, as opposed to websites that are static and universal regardless of user or device.
What is a Progressive Web App (PWA)?
Think of progressive web apps like blended mobile and web applications; they are accessible through web browsers, but behave more like native mobile apps. An enhancement from the traditional web application, progressive web apps offer increased loading speeds and offline functionality. Some may even offer native mobile app features like push notifications, video capture, and playback.
What Platforms are Mobile Apps and Web Apps Built on?
What’s the Difference Between a Native Mobile App and a Hybrid Mobile App?
They are popular with small companies and startups because they are written with a code that is universal across all operating systems, but their functionality is comparable to native apps, including their ability to access device tools.
Evernote is an example of a popular hybrid mobile app.
What are the Pros and Cons of Mobile Apps and Web Apps?
Mobile Apps Pros:
- Has access to a device’s internal resources (contacts, GPS, camera, photos, etc.)
- Downloaded via the app store – which makes them searchable and promises safety through an approval process
- Can function offline
- Faster and more advanced than web apps
Mobile App Cons:
- More expensive to develop and maintain
- Requires different versions for different platforms and doesn’t fit a universal template
- Users must manually download periodic updates
Web App Pros:
- Easy and inexpensive to develop and maintain due to a universal codebase
- Doesn’t need to be installed or downloaded by the user
- Auto-updates when needed
- Usually quicker to launch than mobile apps
Web App Cons:
- Because they aren’t available in the app store, they are not as easily searchable
- Requires an internet connection to function
- Slower and less efficient than mobile apps
- Doesn’t have access to internal tools on the devices
So which application development path is better suited to meet your requirements? Ultimately, the decision depends on your unique needs and user base. While going through the process of deciding on an app development platform, it is important to consider factors such as cost, time, functionality, and user requirements.
For additional resources, check out our new Mobile App Development eBook.